So what happened to the study of Indian history from then on till now? The recent efforts of the Hindu right to project him as a Muslim bigot show that their political stakes in him have changed. With a secular eminence named Bhagwan S Gidwani, who wrote a novel named “The Sword of Tipu Sultan”, most of you are familiar with this title. It is now going to hold its 77th annual session at Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, on 28-30 December 2016. So a honest history from that perspective must lead to 2 things. The annual journal of the Indian History Congress, entitled The Proceedings of the Indian History Congress carries research papers selected out of papers presented at its annual sessions on all aspects and periods of Indian History from pre-history to contemporary times as well as the history of countries other than India. One of his letters to an army commander in Calicut on 14th December 1788 says- “I am sending two of my followers with Mir Hussain Ali. If you look at the Malabar Manual, it gives you the detailed list of all such temples. But since the British were the invaders in his country, he could not be expected to change his attitude towards them. Admittedly, the sultan sought blessings from the Guru of the Sringeri Math and asked him to deliver a letter to the Marathas soliciting their alliance. We should unite in carrying on a Holy War against these infidels. So this same principle of historical distortion is at work in the case of Tipu Sultan, the Tyrant of Mysore. On the other hand, it is better that we face unpleasant historical truths because, at the most what will you do? For Mysore state it was written in two languages, Marathi and Kannada. Most notably, in Malabar and Coorg. That Tipu was not communal and had been an administrative innovator was clearly brought out by his biographer Prof. Mohibbul Hasan (History of Tipu Sultan published in 1951). He was a “patron of Hinduism”, he was a “tolerant ruler” and even more hilariously, one Kannada article in a mainstream newspaper, described Tipu as a “rocket scientist”. All of these fought both for their own dominions, for economic and military supremacy, and not for any notion of independence or freedom of India. And as we have seen he left behind a bankrupt economy and more importantly, for everybody who says that Tipu is a great hero and some kind of reformer, here is a data point. Im talking about a period that began roughly in the late 18th century. The journal has constantly taken the view that ‘India’ for its purpose is the country with its Pre-Partition boundaries, while treats Contemporary History as the history of Indian Union after 1947. Tipu Sultan in Mysore had been checked by the British about this time. Tipu Sultan was a devout Muslim but he had respect for other religions also and due to this reason he established several Hindu temples and mutts and maintained regular correspondence with them. There are many accounts of the history of Mysore Kingdom, particularly Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan, by European historians or … But that is not Urdu. The story of the man they stole it from is one of power, blood, and legacy … a legacy still felt today. All these stories, these epics in the west, they came from the west, what is their fate now? A. Germany B. France C. Turkey D. iran. So this novel was not based on any sort of history, but it was based on this guy, Bhagwan S Gidwani’s imagination running really wild. He appointed incompetent officers to key posts, and the only qualification to occupy these bureaucratic posts, was that you had to be a Muslim and bonus, if you were a Hindu who converted, you got a fast track promotion. Pakistan. So, to pull of this kind of distortion, this kind of sweeping generalization about an entire civilization, you’re talking about real people. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. Meanwhile the inactive Governor General John Shore was replaced by Lord Wellesley. Considering these strategies of Tipu Sultan, Wellesley wrote a letter to Tipu Sultan on 8th of Nov. 1798 A.D. complaining that Tipu was working against the treaty of Srirangapatna. Initially, Zaman Shah agreed to help Tipu, but the Persian attack on Afghanistan's Western border diverted its forces, and hence no help could be provided to Tipu. Tipu also Islamized every facet of his administration by A) Giving Muslim names to original Hindu cities and towns. I am greatly determined to convert them very soon. Relations with Afghanistan. It was a commercial enterprise, named East India Company. From a patriot national hero, freedom fighter, these are the more enduring myths without basis in history and a survey of that period, shows a struggle for both economic and military power between the French, the British, the Marathas and Tipu Sultan in largely the theatre of South and Western India. So, for example, at least I’m from South India, from Karnataka. Tipu Sultan was born on 20 November 1750 (Friday, 20th Dhu al-Hijjah, 1163 AH) at Devanahalli, in present-day Bangalore Rural district, about 33 km (21 mi) north of Bangalore city. He commanded a corps of cavalry in the invasion of Carnatic in 1767 at age 16. I consider this as Jihad to achieve that objective.”. Our Ancestors lived this life on a daily basis. The articles/videos does not reflect the official position of Indictales.com or of Srijan Foundation Trust, who have not established the veracity thereof, and hence, would not be responsible or liable in any manner. This journal has appeared annually since 1935 except for five different years when the annual sessions of the Indian History Congress could not be held. Tipu Sultan in the Kingdom of Mysore in India’s southern region, so Mysore emerged as one of the centres and a symbol of resistance against European colonial and imperial project. Tipu Sultan of Mysore who was a scrarce of constant anxiety and ... Afghanistan, in order to enlist his support against the two political rivals, English and the Marathas, who he, in all his correspondence, called 'infidels'.5 Before establishing direct diplomatic relations Tipu had sent an The papers included in the Proceedings can be held to represent fairly well the current trends of historical research in India. We’ve seen all that, and more importantly, he caused a permanent change in the cultural character of several cities, most notably in Karnataka. And, several Kodava Muslim families still retain their original Hindu surnames, their last names their family names. What Aurangzeb did in a span of 50 years throughout most of India, Tipu did the same thing in just 4 states, in a span of about 17 years, in South India. Tipu Sultan’s sovereign consciousness was intimately connected with religion. The fourth article of the proposed treaty spoke of military cooperation between Mysore and Turkey. Tipu Sultan signed Treaty of Mangalore in March 1784 which ended the second Anglo-Mysore war. So if Tipu is a freedom fighter, why do we hesitate to call Marathas who also fought the British? Even before the accession of Zaman Shah Tipu … Tipu Sultan was born on 20 November 1750 (Friday, 20th Dhu al-Hijjah, 1163 AH) at Devanahalli, in present-day Bangalore Rural district, about 33 km (21 mi) north of Bangalore city. But is this the truth? So, let’s look at another quote, “It is an ominous sign of the time that Indian history is being viewed in official circles, in the perspective of recent politics. But apart from all these guys, guess who else has honoured Tipu? These were letters, that Tipu wrote to himself every morning, sitting on the shit-pot. Matthews deployed his troops in the field outside of Bednore and was swiftly defeated. Tipu Sultan wrote a letter to which government to help him against British Army rule in India? Considering these strategies of Tipu Sultan, Wellesley wrote a letter to Tipu Sultan on 8th of Nov. 1798 A.D. complaining that Tipu was working against the treaty of Srirangapatna. The coins of Tipu Sultan, a topic of discussion by itself were the most impressive in calligraphy, method of manufacture as well as precious metal content among all the contemporary Indian rulers of the time, including the Mughal monarch at Delhi. And it was also notable for the sheer scale of rural destruction. Moreover, Tipu Sultan also marched to Raja of Malabar. Lord Wellesley resolved to … Tipu Sultan And Doordarshan VIII. In the same letter, as well as another to John Jay on 23 May 1788, he wrote how France was expecting Tipu’s Embassy (9). The Kerala oral tradition remembers Tipu’s “visit” to the Malabar as the “Military March”, where he literally burnt down Kozhikode and several parts of Malabar, right down to the ground. Under his leadership, the Mysore army proved to be a school of military science to Indian princes. To access this article, please, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. So Srirangapatana was the seat of power from where Tipu ruled. To pull off this kind of industrial scale distortion, its history has to be distorted on an equally industrial scale. March 22, 1788, to Abdul Kadir: “Over 12,000 Hindus were ‘honoured’ with Islam. The serious blows that Tipu Sultan inflicted on the British in the First and Second Mysore Wars affected their reputation as an invincible power. So when you contrast this, you will understand the full significance, when I say you know what I mean by itihasa. The other important way to understand the word itihasa is that in our tradition itihasa is recited. Only two. I’m not making this up! The trajectory of the Indian history establishment, started with you know, having something called a purpose or a goal of history. But all of India was not united politically under one umbrella. For all his celebration as some kind of a great freedom fighter he cultivated deep friendships with the French, to conquer entire India and share the territory equally. It was characterized by unnecessary destructive raids throughout South India. So as all of you know, the Indian word for history is “itihasa”, which can be split into 3 parts. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. So, lets puncture these myths one by one. Tipu se konflik met sy bure was onder andere die Maratha– Mysore-oorlog, wat geëindig het met die ondertekening van die Verdrag van Gajendragad. This letter was part of Tipu’s invitation to Zaman Shah to invade India, and establish the Sword of Islam in the country, and free it from the darkness of the Kafirs. So quickly, this relates to the manner in which we regard history itself, as an academic discipline, as a way of understanding the world and more importantly as a way of understanding ourselves. Like the Caliph in Turkey, and also to the French, whom he invited to occupy India and then they would, he dreamt of sharing the spoils of the conquest. This was law. Tipu Sultan (1750-1799) was the de-facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore.He is better known as the ‘Tiger of Mysore’.His full name was Sultan Fateh Ali Tippu and he was born on 20th November, 1750 at Devanahalli, in present-day Kolar district, near Bangalore, Karnataka .He is the eldest son of Hyder Ali and Fakhr-un-nissa (Fatima Begum). So inspite of availability of all these tonnes of documents, these are primary sources that tell you the real story of that period. And second, is to imbibe within ourselves the courage to face the truth of the past, to digest past mistakes and learn from them. It’s a well-known story and I don’t need to repeat it, but putting it in one line. Tipu reduced it to just 50,000 during his late battle. Ramkatha, Sita-Ram Kalyana, how are these done? So Tipu Sultan was a junior contemporary of the last powerful Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb. It is no longer a living tradition. However, the chapters on Tipu have been retained in the class 6 and 10 books, official sources said. So for example, this gentleman is thirsty and there is some water there, I fetch water and give it to him, and he quenches his thirst with that action. So, I’ll illustrate this with a couple of examples. Was he really a freedom fighter as is widely claimed? They are celebrated as festivals. So Pakistan has named one of its missiles in the honour of Tipu, and the other missile names include Ghaznavi, Ghori, Abdali and Babur. So what have been some consequences of this kind of distorted history, and some major themes, is that India never had a great civilization and culture. And he invited, we saw in the beginning, I told you about his letters to the Afghani king Zaman Shah. A war whose battlefields would stretch across Europe and India, involving an alliance of foreign powers of France, Persia, and Afghanistan (5). So if anybody knows this Urdu in Karnataka, you might get this joke. So Lewis writes in the Mysore Gazetteer and I quote, “In a vast empire of Tipu Sultan, on the eve of his death, there were only 2 Hindu temples having daily functional pujas. Which was again heavily borrowed from Gidwani’s novel. The letter set a precedent and it followed several other orders by Tipu Sultan, calling for violence against Hindus. This failed because of the timely action of Wellesley. A large part of the stereotype of Tipu Sultan as a persecutor of Hindus and Christians comes from an influential text book written in the 1920s by … Tipu Sultan, also known as the Tipu Sahib, was a ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore. I promise not to take long time on this and kind of bore you. The enormous politicization and the downfall of history as a discipline, it has been near total and all of you are familiar with Arun Shourie’s book on eminent historians, their technology, lying, fraud. And after a few weeks, it evoked widespread outrage, and a lawsuit was filed against Sanjay Khan by the Bombay Kerala Samaja. That journey between thirst, between being thirty and actually fulfilling it is the meaning of the word value. Such goals have led to a massive politicization of history, especially in India, more so in India. It is recited as points, it is recited as, it is set to tune, it is sung as songs. The most important clue to the question about Tipu Sultan’s Shia but respectful of Sunni ideology is given by himself through his coinage. So this fake image of Tipu Sultan as a freedom fighter, was later escalated by the dear departed, by the late Girish Karnad, who wrote a dream called “Tipuvina Kannasugadu”, which means Tipu’s dreams. So it was characterized by all round oppression of Hindus, constant assault on their way of life, their women being abducted at will, desecration of their traditions, customs, institutions, large scale temple destructions, forced conversions, jaziya and so on. He was the grandson of Ahmed Shah Abdali, and like him a man of great military reputation. Die verdrag vereis dat Tipu Sultan 4,8 miljoen roepies moes betaal as 'n eenmalige oorlogskoste vir die Marathas, en 'n jaarlikse huldeblyk aan 1,2 miljoen roepies bykomend tot die teruggee van al die gebied wat deur Hyder Ali beset is. Mcq Added by: admin. So we celebrate Sita Kalyana, which is, Sita Ram ka shaadi, and we also celebrate Parvati Kalyana, which is Parvati’s marriage with Shiva and all kinds of, you know folklore which revolves around stories from our Puranas, from Ramayana and Mahabharata. So I’ll repeat that, “The first lesson of politics is to forget the first lesson of history”. With that I think I can conclude this part of the session and many thanks to Srijan Foundation and the entire team. Lord McCartney, the governor of Madras, concluded a treaty with Tipu Sultan and … The barbarian Tipu Sultan tied naked Christians and Hindus to the legs of elephants, and made the elephants move around till the bodies of the helpless victims were torn to pieces. In his letter to the Governor of Bekal, Budruz Zaman Khan, in the year 1200 AH (1785 AD), Tipu approved of forced conversions of Nairs: "Your two letters, with the enclosed memorandums of the Nâimâ (Nair) captives, have been received. And a branch of the Iyengar community hailing from Melukote near Mysore, for generations together, still doesn’t celebrate Deepavali. Which is completely distinct from merely being read, in the form of a book or whatever narrative. I am determined to convert them also very soon. From then on, one sect of the lineage of the Melukote Iyengars, they do not celebrate Deepavali, because it was precisely on the day of Deepavali, back then, that Tipu massacred more than 10,000 Iyengars in Melukote. Even if it is only for promoting communal harmony, blatant lies should not be deliberately propagated. They are celebrated as festivals in our temples, in various mathas, on different actual festivals like Navratri, you name it. [By Mohd A. ALİ, Mohd A. BAKAR, Mohammad ASLAM, Mohd KHALID, Abdul A. FARIS, Hamiduddin] INTRODUCTION Tipu Sultan (1750–1799), also known as the Tiger of Mysore, was a man of intelligence and courage, a man of strong belief, a great warrior, a great scholar, a great scientist, and a great planner.He was one of the most powerful rulers of a well-administered kingdom. He founded a new calendar, and he named each year after a synonym given to Muhammad. Those letters are in the London Library. (audience member says President of India, Speaker replies “Also! And some specimens, some human incarnation, which are the products of this distorted history, include the world famous Swara Bhasker and her gang. Only on the borders of Cochin State a few are still not converted. One NCERT Social Science book for class VIII( Arjun Dev, 2005), glorifies Tipu Sultan as “an able ruler”, in religious matters “enlightened and broad-minded”, who thus won the loyalty and support of all . Tipu Sultan: The Whitewashing Of A Tyranny in South India – Sandeep Balakrishna – Tipu Jayanti, Tipu Sultan was a junior contemporary of the last powerful Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb. Which means they were forcibly converted. General Knowledge Mcqs consists of World Geography, Atmosphere, Science & Literature, events Mcqs, Current Affairs Mcqs , Pakistan Affairs Mcqs and International Organizations. And then we come to the actual historical records, for those who are interested to research more on Tipu. Tipu Sultan in letters to Syed Abdul Dulai and his officer Budruz Zaman Khan respectively, gloats thus: With the grace of Prophet Mohammed and Allah, almost all Hindus in Calicut are converted to Islam. So I’ll repeat that, “The first lesson of politics is to forget the first lesson of history”. Tipu, the Nawabs and fundamentalist clerics therefore sought help from the Durranis, using the “infidel threat” bogey. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. This failed because of the timely action of Wellesley. So in North India, all of you are familiar, that its very common that you take it for granted to hear terms like Ramkatha, Ramayankatha, Bharatkatha and variations thereof. Relations avec l'Afghanistan. Iliad, Odyssey. For the first time after nearly 300 or 400 years, Afghanistan had Hindu population, had Hindu rule, all because of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. So we will come to that in the Q&A). So, over the last 40 odd years and upto the present time, this Islamic bigot Tipu Sultan has been hailed in the following terms, he was a “freedom fighter”, he was a “tiger”, he was a “liberator”, of what? Here are excerpts from some of the letters which Tipu Sultan had sent to his army commanders: 1.) Tipu Sultan was instructed in military tactics by French officers in the employment of his father. Tipu Sultan: A Fanatic Muslim VII. © 1971 Indian History Congress All Rights Reserved. Letters and orders directing to do such horrible things were also issued by Tipu Sultan. So another key feature of Tipu’s rule was the large scale destruction of Hindu Temples. In one battle he fell down from his palki and literally ran like a coward to save his life. So accepting bitter historical truths and learning constructive lessons from them will always help avoid repeating such brutal history. In the same letter, as well as another to John Jay on 23 May 1788, he wrote how France was expecting Tipu’s Embassy (9). Im talking about a period that began roughly in the late 18, [Q/A] The Moplah Genocide Of Hindus: An Eternal Reminder | Sandeep Balakrishna | Malabar Riot, Did You Know: Delhi’s Former Name Was Yoginipura, Derived From The 8 Identical Yogini Temples Existed Across 8 Directions, [Q/A] Murals of India — A Talk By Benoy K Behl, Why the Supreme Court Must Give a Definitive Verdict in Ayodhya Case, Literary Evidence on the Destruction of Ram Temple. He commanded a corps of cavalry in the invasion of Carnatic in 1767 at age 16. So he changed the units of measurement of weights, distance and time, so that it corresponded to some aspect of Prophet Muhammad’s life. The State of Mysore extended from east to west up to Four hundred miles covering a … Biography and life history of Tipu Sultan. Only on the borders of Cochin state, a few Hindus are still not converted. And he changed the official administrative language of the Mysore kingdom from Kannada to Farsi. Submitted by: Shahid Kakar. When Tipu scoffed at it, the war horns were sounded and the attack on Seringapatanam, the 4th Anglo Mysore war took place where Tipu was killed. So I will look at some closing notes. He fought some of the most decisive battles against the British. Tipu Sultan of Mysore who was a scrarce of constant anxiety and alarm to the power of the English during many years of the second half of the 18th century is little known to us as an acute diplomat. Tipu Sultan born in a Muslim family. With rapid secularization or more precisely, Islamisation, a blatant falsification naturally found its way in our textbooks. Tipu Sultan: As Known In Kerala Appendix 1: Mappilas Of Malabar Appendix 2: Nedumkotta: Travancore Defence Fortification V. Scandalous Tele-Serial On Tipu Sultan VI. Background Tipu Sultan was born on 10 November 1750 at Devanahalli, in present-day Bangalore Rural district, about 33 km (21 mi) north of Bangalore city. He also had a habit of repeatedly dishonouring war treaties and peace treaties with the British and other rulers of South India. Real history on the other hand, teaches us that the major part of India lost independence about 5 centuries before, and merely changed masters in the 18th century.” Most of you know, are aware of who said this, this was by Acharya RC Majumdar, one of the titans of historical scholarship and he wrote this, and he says recent politics, he was referring to 1948. Matthews abandoned the town and retreated to the fort which was quickly besieged by the Mysore army. Bigot show that their political stakes in him have changed state, a few are not. Blows that Tipu Sultan ( 1750–1799 ), the Krishna-Godavari belt and unprovoked... 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