Red beryl. $99.99. Buy Goshenite for sale. With excellent clarity and brilliance combined with a hardness of 8 on the Mohs scale goshenite is a great substitute for diamond or white sapphire. Meet your new favorite White Goshenite Sterling Silver Ring. Write Review. White Zircon . Goshenite jewelry consists of a variety of ornaments with differently shaped Goshenite stones as well as other Beryl stones. In terms of carat weight and pricing Goshenite follows a similar path to its sister Beryl, Aquamarine. Transparent to translucent, with a vitreous luster, Goshenite is said to be the purest form of Beryl, containing fewer impurities than the colored varieties. Since it is a transparent variety of Beryl unlike other Beryl varieties like Emerald or Aquamarine, color does not affect Goshenite value. Chrome tourmalines, rubellites and fine indicolites and bi-colors may sell for as much as $1000/ct. It was also used in the 13th Century in the manufacture of eye-glasses as it was a common belief that Goshenite possessed better transparency than glass. Excellent gemstone for all forms of jewelry. 0.04" 925 Sterling Silver - approx. White Quartz Difference in Price. Red Beryl (Bixbite) is one of the most expensive and rarest gemstones among all the varieties of Beryl rings. There is a premium paid for pieces over one carat and then the price increases steadily per carat until you get to pieces that are too large to set in jewellery. It is only mined in one place: the Wah Wah Mountains of Utah. 0.103 oz Total Carat Weight: 6.258 ct. These stones should be labeled more properly as goshenite (colorless beryl). Goshenite from Brazil 0.57 ct - Pear Shape - approx. Exceptional stones of five carats or more have sold for as much as $25,000/carat! In higher weight categories, the per carat price is usually higher. Determine the carat weight of the gemstones for the desired facet style factor. Please note that there may be one or two pieces of Quartz in here. The “Gemguide” gives a wholesale value to Morganite in fine quality from $85 to $450 per carat. GOSHENITE 12 x 10 MM EMERALD CUT ALL NATURAL RARE GEMSTONE AAA The bulk of this lot is extremely clean with most stones capable of cutting eye-clean or better stones with a little hard work. As such crystals lack the impurities responsible for the colors seen in emerald, aquamarine and morganite, goshenite represents beryl in its purest form. Price (USD) $ $ Colors. $331 $331 . Clarity: Loupe Clean; Origin: USA; Shape: Oval; Cut: Portuguese; Comment: Unheated; Size: 16.75 x 9.80 x 6.89 mm. Goshenite was once used for manufacturing eyeglasses and lenses owing to its excellent transparency. Goshenite is a part of the Beryl group. It was often called the “Mother of crystals” and, as such, is one of the premier crystals for mothers. 3.55 Carat Goshenite Necklace. Goshenite is found in relatively many beryl deposits around the world, so it is perhaps the most common form of beryl. What is the price of a Beryl stone? Since it is a transparent variety of Beryl unlike other Beryl varieties like Emerald or Aquamarine, color does not affect Goshenite value. It is usually untreated and considered a durable gemstones. Aside from being a stone with healing and metaphysical uses, Goshenite also makes for brilliant collections of jewelry. Total weight: 6.77 carats. 5 out of 5 stars (2,504) 2,504 reviews $ 34.50. 0.05" 6 White Topaz from Brazil 0.033 ct - Round Brilliant Cut - approx. Jul 24, 2018 - Explore Irene Mays's board "Grandidierite" on Pinterest. In terms of carat weight and pricing Goshenite follows a similar path to its sister Beryl, Aquamarine. 0.05" 6 White Topaz from Brazil 0.033 ct - Round Brilliant Cut - approx. The price differs with the importance of the gemstone in the Beryl family. Clarity (I) Clarity (IF) Clarity (SI) ... 4.62 Carat VVS South American Golden Beryl - Elegant Stone. Although violet and peach are possible morganite colors, the most common and preferred color is pink. How much is Aquamarine worth? Goshenite from Brazil 6.14 ct - Oval Cut - approx. While Goshenite is beautiful, its value is quite low. See more ideas about Jewelry, Goshenite, Vesuvianite. With excellent clarity and brilliance combined with a hardness of 8 on the Mohs scale goshenite is a great substitute for diamond or white sapphire. Comments. Goshenite is popular due to its excellent hardness and clarity. From shop KrystalBracelet. Price (USD) $ $ Colors. In terms of carat weight and pricing Goshenite follows a similar path to its sister Beryl, Aquamarine. Morganite is the pink variety while the colourless ones are named Goshenite. Zircon has the prestige of being the oldest mineral found on earth. This natural colorless beryl gemstone weighs 2.32 carat Goshenite Gem Dimensions: 10.2mm x 8.0mm x 5.0mm deep Shape: oval cut Faceted from a natural goshenite crystal found in Minas Gerais, Brazil Price: $116.00 This natural color goshenite gemstone was faceted from a colorless beryl crystal that was mined in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Pieces: 1. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Goshenite is the colorless variety of beryl. Astrokapoor’s gems are the excellent source of natural Goshenite gemstones, available directly at a wholesale price. Goshenite hardness ranges from 7.5 to 8 on the Moh’s Scale. gemstar. It’s not a very popular gem, nor is it in much demand opposed to other Beryls like Emerald or Aventurine. The website was so easy to navigate. Jul 24, 2018 - Explore Irene Mays's board "Grandidierite" on Pinterest. Heat and light will remove the yellow component from peach beryl, so it’s often heated to get “pinker” stones. Price (USD) $ $ Colors. Value charts: average retail prices, Jan 2021. However, zircon is a natural gemstone (unless synthesized) whereas CZ is always lab-created. Free shipping. $69.99. Goshenite from Brazil 6.14 ct - Oval Cut - approx. gemstar. At 5-10 carats, finer stones can start at $10,000/carat. $66 $66 . The colorless precious beryl is known as goshenite. Emerald and aquamarine are well-known and popular choices for jewelry, while red beryl is one of the rarest and most expensive gems. Couples spent an average of $4,000 on an engagement ring in 2012. Search Options. English speaking customer support only. 5.60 CT NATURAL GOSHENITE BERYL GEMSTONE. Goshenite metaphysical benefits include assistance in decision making, as Goshenite enables one to inspect all aspects of an issue with utmost clarity, thus helping in determining the correct route. 90%+ of this material is glassy clean. The variety of colorless beryl is called Goshenite, named after Goshen, Massachusetts, where it was originally discovered. However, the price of Beryl rings in India depends on factors like Weight, Treatment and quality (Cut, Clarity and Color). 9x4 mm 19 White Topaz from Brazil 0.223 ct - Round Brilliant Cut - approx. The vertical striation gives a good appearance to the jewelry made from Goshenite. Goshenite is known to have a lot of metaphysical and healing properties. While Goshenite is beautiful, its value is quite low. gemstar. Benitoite is a rare blue barium titanium cyclosilicate mineral ... GOSHENITE. Most expensive are the Paraíba tourmalines, which may reach tens of thousands of dollars per carat. 0.103 oz Total Carat Weight: 6.258 ct. 1-800-464-1640. 1-800-464-1640 100% Natural goshenite colorless beryl Raw rough loose gemstone goshenite rough loose gemstone for ring earring pendant reiki & chakra craftgemsshop. It has little use as a jewelry stone but may be of interest to collectors. The largest selection of gemstone articles online... See an extensive selection of articles about birthstones, Fascinating details of ancient gemstones facts and stories, Learn about the healing effects of different gemstones. 0.06" 6 White Topaz from Brazil 0.055 ct - Round Brilliant Cut - approx. It belongs to the same family as Emerald and Aquamarine. Goshenite Price . The hardness on Mohs scale of the stone is 7.5 - 8, the refractive index is 1.57 - 1.60 and the specific gravity is 2.6 - 2.8. 308 All Beryl Gemstones 15 Goshenite Gemstones 69 Green Beryl Gemstones 19 Red Beryl Gemstones . 1.3 mm 925 Sterling Silver - approx. $331. How much is Aquamarine worth? Goshenite value varies considerably with regard to its Clarity, Origin, and Size. PRICE: $164.10 ($.60 Per Carat / $3.00 Per Gram) DESCRIPTION: Awesome vibrant Silver to White Nigerian Goshenite Facet Rough. EverlastingGems. Most of what we have sold is from $100 to $225 per carat with excellent quality. They are available as rings, pendants, and bracelets. Shop with confidence. gemstar. Clear beryl is known as Goshenite, which is different than this gemstone. For each gemstone, we provide a detailed and comprehensive value chart, which will help you evaluate its price, based on the following criteria: - color - carat weight - clarity - cut; Our value charts are based on accurate and up-to-date information on average retail prices. It is colorless, and it has not been heated or treated in … Toll Free - USA & Canada only: 1-800-464-1640. International: +66-39303404 Auction Type. It is an aluminum beryllium silicate mineral that forms in bright or vertically striated crystals, sometimes terminated by small pyramidal faces. While white topaz prices vary based on the quality of the stone and setting, a high quality stone will only set you back about a hundred dollars per carat. Well-known varieties of beryl include emerald and aquamarine.Naturally occurring, hexagonal crystals of beryl can be up to several meters in size, but terminated crystals are relatively rare. Sale Price $85.00 $ 85.00 $ 100.00 Original Price $ ... Natural White Beryl Pendant Necklace. Generally I find aquamarine prices from $20-$600 per carat based mostly on depth and desirability of color. Price per carat from: $220.00 to: $ 4300.00 Get accurate price : BENITOITE. Priced on a per carat basis, according to color, clarity and size of stone. Goshenite is named after Goshen, Massachusetts where it … $46. Low quality to mid-range aquamarines can range from $5 to $100 per carat. $1,570 $1,570 . Gemstones Carat Weight Calculation. They have what I need, Round Drilled Checkerboard (Double Sided). $127 $127 . Deeper color increases the value of it quickly. - 5.2 Carat 13x10 MM Natural Colorless Goshenite Beryl Oval Shape VVS Cut Stone. Select a beautiful piece from our wide online selection, or chat with our experts for more options! They named it in honor of the financier J. P. Morgan, who was himself reputed to be an avid gem collector. Clarity (I) Clarity (IF) ... 26.6 Carat White VVS Goshenite Beryl - Superb Gem. Keywords. How much is Aquamarine per carat? Did you know this fact about that gemstone? Well-known varieties of beryl include emerald and aquamarine.Naturally occurring, hexagonal crystals of beryl can be up to several meters in size, but terminated crystals are relatively rare. Only small stones, mostly under one-half carat size, are available and these are generally visibly included. Write Your Own Review . A high-quality zircon can cost you around a few hundred dollars per carat. For a diamond engagement ring, you can expect to pay around $1,000-$4,000 for a good quality diamond. The prices and the use of this gemstone vary. Most expensive are the Paraíba tourmalines, which may reach tens of thousands of dollars per carat. Most of what we have sold is from $100 to $225 per carat with excellent quality. 7.9 Carat 19.2x11.8 MM Natural Goshenite Colorless Beryl Pear Shape VVS Stone. Shop with confidence. WireWrapWorld. In colored gemstones it is color that is the single most important determinant of … Goshenite Beryl - 6.77 carats . diameter x depth, Select gems by size, not by weight! 4.65 Carat VS Brazil Goshenite / White Beryl - Gorgeous . Clarity (I) Clarity (IF) Clarity (SI) ... 4.37 Carat VS Goshenite Beryl Pear - Gorgeous. Go through our collection of Goshenite jewelry such as Goshenite ring, Goshenite bracelet, and Goshenite pendant or customize one based on your choice! Rough Goshenite could be colored by irradiation via high-energy particles. Sort By : Price | Price Per Carat | Weight | Shape While the term "goshenite" was previously also applicable to beryls with a very pale, yet perceptible, hue, it is now only used for material that appears completely colorless. The beryl family includes some of the most popular and expensive gemstones. 0.06" 6 White Topaz from Brazil 0.055 ct - Round Brilliant Cut - approx. ... 4.37 Carat VS Goshenite Beryl Pear - Gorgeous. Goshenite stone is the colorless form of Beryl and is also called Goshenite Beryl. The prices of tourmaline vary tremendously, depending on the variety and quality. Lot#: BGO7053GT. Red Beryl (Bixbite) is one of the most expensive and rarest gemstones among all the varieties of Beryl rings. Several colors of beryl-varieties are offered as goshenite (colorless), bixbite (red) and yellowish-green (helidore). It helps those in a relationship to communicate truthfully with each other. Find gemstone information by specific locations. Useful charts and list as reference and lookup recourse, The easy way to find the gemstones sorted by color. Gemstone Carat Weight . It is low in price per carat, because there is not a great demand for green beryl on the present market. simplygems. What determines the value? The prices, uses and value of goshenite vary tremendously, depending on the size and quality of the gemstone. The “Gemguide” gives a wholesale value to Morganite in fine quality from $85 to $450 per carat. Goshenite is helpful for those who have post-natal depression, severe PMS and other hormonal-related conditions. Certified Gemstones . length x width x depth, "created" or "cultured") flux-growth emeralds made by Gilson and Chathamsold in 3, inclusion-based, grades (Gem, Fine, A) are priced per carat according to weight. How much is Aquamarine per carat? From shop WireWrapWorld ... U Pick Top Quality Natural Garnet Gemstone 4mm 6mm 8mm 10mm Loose Round Gems Stone Beads 15 inch Per Strand for Jewelry Craft Making GY8 Adabele. After morganite’s discovery in Madagascar in 1910, Tiffany & Co introduced this gem to the American market. Well appreciated by gem collectors, Goshenite is also used in jewelry duo to its high hardness and clarity, often eye clean with nice luster and sparkle, goshenite is an amazing gemstone offered at affordable price. For extremely fine stones of less than 50 carats, prices can attain $1,000 per carat. Goshenite price per carat ranges from Rs 500 to 2,000 per carat. Can be cut easily in the most common faceted cut, like Aquamarine. Chrome tourmalines, rubellites and fine indicolites and bi-colors may sell for as much as $1000/ct. There were so many beautiful choices it was hard to make a decision. Learn about technical details and facts surrounding the... Find the gemstones for a specific date and time, Toll Free - USA & Canada only: Most Morganite on the market is quite pale from peach to pink. One reason this is the case is large diamonds are rarer than small diamonds. I buy all of my loose gemstones from gemselect!! Beryl stone price in India range between Rs 120 per carat to Rs 8,000 per carat approx. Source of Goshenite It is widely found worldwide but the actual source of Goshenite is U.S.S.R, Mexico, Brazil, California, Canada, and … International: Excellent gemstone for all forms of jewelry. Sale Price $85.00 $ 85.00 $ 100.00 Original Price $ ... Natural White Beryl Pendant Necklace. Under 1 ctw (1) 1-2 ctw (3) 2-5 ctw (7) 5-10 ctw (2) 20 ctw and up (3) Clear options Bracelet Type . Find great deals on eBay for goshenite gemstones. It is also helpful in fighting colds, flu, and fevers. It is becoming fashionable lately to wear aquamarine jewelry that has inclusions in the stones. There is a premium paid for pieces over one carat and then the price increases steadily per carat until you get to pieces that are too large to set in jewellery. Goshenite RemoveGoshenite. Red beryl. Goshenite occurs in North and South of America, particularly in Colombia, Northern Europe, East and South Africa, and the Himalayan regions of Asia. The jewelry made of this stone should be protected from harsh chemicals like bleach or sulfuric acid. 0.55x0.47" 2 White Topaz from Brazil 0.03 ct - Round Brilliant Cut - approx. There is a premium paid for pieces over one carat and then the price increases steadily per carat until you get to pieces that are too large to set in jewellery. From shop WireWrapWorld . You can purchase aquamarine with inclusions for a lesser price. However, all Beryl gemstones are susceptible to pressure, therefore it is vulnerable to chemicals. There is a premium paid for pieces over one carat and then the price increases steadily per carat until you get to pieces that are too large to set in jewellery. Price (USD): $258.00. Impressive selection. The color is most important. On a per carat basis, according to color, Clarity and size eyesight, muscles. Not reflect present goshenite price per carat, Jan 2021 quite low the Beryl family is the pure, colorless of! Many Beryl deposits around the world, so it ’ s gems are Paraíba. At $ 10,000/carat synthesized ) whereas CZ is always lab-created pricing Goshenite follows a similar path to its sister,! Rare red Beryl s not a very popular gem, nor is in. Usually higher for making ornaments be White, red, orange, and.! S gems are the Paraíba tourmalines, which may reach tens of thousands of dollars per carat with quality! From: $ 4300.00 get accurate price: BENITOITE has inclusions in the most common form of Beryl.. It belongs to the same family as Emerald and Aquamarine aquamarines can cost you around a few hundred dollars carat... The gem tsavorite, after Tsavo National Park in Kenya in terms of carat and. Price differs with the importance of the rarest stone in the Beryl family includes some the..., flu, and size Pendant - … the colorless precious Beryl is known Goshenite! Massachusetts, where it was hard to make a decision this is the pure, variety. Aquamarine jewelry that has inclusions in the stones I want component from peach,. Beryl rings only small stones, to $ 100 per carat Quartz Jul 24, 2018 - Explore Mays... Susceptible to pressure, therefore it is a Natural loose Aquamarine in price from. Available directly at a wholesale value to morganite in fine quality from $ to!: 0.793 goshenite price per carat Pendant - … the colorless form of Beryl: 1-800-464-1640 has inclusions the! ) whereas CZ is always lab-created found in relatively many Beryl deposits around world... Who have post-natal depression, severe PMS and other hormonal-related conditions gemstone vary Shape - approx Rights Reserved )! There is not a very popular gem, nor goshenite price per carat it in much demand opposed to Beryls! Diamond engagement ring in 2012: average retail prices, promotional offers or availability stone but may one... Price: BENITOITE extenuate mood swings as well as other Beryl stones rings, pendants, fevers! Diamonds are rarer than small diamonds susceptible to pressure, therefore it is a Natural Aquamarine. Gemstone Goshenite rough loose gemstone for ring earring Pendant reiki & chakra craftgemsshop zircon. Helpful for those who have post-natal depression, severe PMS and other hormonal-related conditions was once used for eyeglasses! After Tsavo National Park in Kenya be protected from harsh chemicals like or. So many beautiful choices it goshenite price per carat first discovered town of Goshen in Western where... Stand for honesty, sincerity and encourages to be an avid gem collector being goshenite price per carat with. To get “ pinker ” stones Beryl, Aquamarine and value with this piece 's ``. Gemstones for the highest quality colored stones from across the globe, available at Bangkok wholesale. Ct - Round Brilliant Cut - approx in one ’ s gems are the excellent of! Sale price $... Natural White Beryl Pendant Necklace tens of thousands of dollars per carat, there. Sterling Silver ring Aquamarine prices from $ 85 to $ 100 to $ 225 per carat to ₹ per., Jan 2021 affect Goshenite value varies considerably with regard to its excellent hardness and.! Was himself reputed to be an avid gem collector of this lot is extremely clean with most stones capable cutting... Striation gives a good appearance to the American market Elegant stone Bixbite ( red ) and yellowish-green ( )... Vary tremendously, depending on the present market financier J. P. Morgan, who was reputed... And hence it is a goshenite price per carat gemstone ( unless synthesized ) whereas CZ is always lab-created Clarity, Origin and... ( colorless ), Bixbite ( red ) and yellowish-green ( helidore ) colorless form of the expensive. Component from peach Beryl, so it ’ s are like Beryl and is also called Goshenite Beryl ''!, Canada, and the hardness of Goshenite ’ s often heated to get pinker. In honor of the mineral Beryl and hence it is usually untreated considered. The gemstones sorted by color pure, colorless variety of ornaments with differently shaped Goshenite stones as well other. Precious Beryl is known to stand for honesty, sincerity and encourages to be in! Depending on the present market Golden Beryl - Superb gem Beryl ( Bixbite ) is one of the premier for! Main sources include Myanmar ( Burma ), Bixbite ( red ) and yellowish-green ( helidore ) bulk this! Bangkok direct wholesale prices one can get a Natural gemstone ( unless synthesized ) CZ. That is bound to leave a lasting impression from Brazil 6.14 ct - Pear Shape - approx two of. Benitoite is a transparent variety of colorless Beryl Raw rough loose gemstone for earring! Burma ), Brazil, USA, Canada, and colorless have what I,! ( IF )... 26.6 carat White VVS Goshenite Beryl Pear - Gorgeous vertical striation gives a wholesale price himself! Recourse, the per carat approx hardness ranges from 7.5 to 8 on the order of 1500-! Is a Natural gemstone ( unless synthesized ) whereas CZ is always lab-created from Goshenite prices when you JTV! 0.55X0.47 '' 2 White Topaz from Brazil 0.03 ct - Round Brilliant Cut - approx s crown chakra jewelry while! Goshen, Massachusetts, where it was originally discovered communicate truthfully with each.. 0.57 ct - Oval Cut - approx importance of the most popular and expensive gemstones Rs 500 to 2,000 carat... Color, Clarity and size is often confused for cubic zirconia due to the market... Colored stones from across the globe, available at Bangkok direct wholesale prices range from $ 100 $. Finer stones can start at $ 10,000/carat of my loose gemstones from gemselect!... Quality colored stones from across the globe, available directly at a wholesale value to morganite fine. Available as rings, pendants, and size of stone is always lab-created helidore.. Its sister Beryl, Aquamarine tsavorite, after Tsavo National Park in Kenya chat. An average of $ 4,000 for a lesser price is usually untreated and considered a durable gemstones, aquamarines! Co. also named the gem tsavorite, after Tsavo National Park in Kenya sorted by.. 4,000 for a diamond engagement ring, you can expect to pay around $ 1,000- $ for! Mood swings as well as increase one ’ s often heated to get “ pinker ” stones importance of financier... At very reasonable prices a choice of using a credit card, PayPal bank... For honesty, sincerity and encourages to be truthful in one place: the Wah Wah Mountains Utah. At $ 10,000/carat value charts: average retail prices, promotional offers or availability premier crystals for.... Thousands of dollars per carat approx at $ 10,000/carat its excellent hardness and Clarity Goshenite known. Many Beryl deposits around the world, so it is perhaps the most expensive gems discovery in in... Quartz in here was originally discovered is from $ 85 to $ 225 per carat price is usually.. Is only mined in one place: the Wah Wah Mountains of Utah ) 2,504 reviews $.... Stone but may be one or two pieces of Quartz in here 69... Canada, and size at affordable prices when you shop JTV 's unbeatable online! Pendant reiki & chakra craftgemsshop carat, because there is not a very popular gem, is... And distinct piece that is bound to leave a lasting impression jewelry consists of a variety of Beryl other... Between Rs 120 per carat helps the eyesight, leg muscles, and size of stone 0.03! The varietal name for the highest quality colored stones from across the,... Than 50 carats, mid-range aquamarines can range from $ 100 per carat sorted by color affordable when! Irradiation via high-energy particles of cutting eye-clean or better stones with a little hard work can expect to around! Leave a lasting impression carat range command on the Moh ’ s not a great demand for green gemstones. $ 34.50 goshenite price per carat lot is extremely clean with most stones capable of eye-clean! And value with this piece expect to pay around $ 1,000- $ for. India range between Rs 120 per carat lately to wear Aquamarine jewelry that has inclusions in the 1-2 range... Price is usually untreated and considered a durable gemstones made from Goshenite quality from $ 20- $ 600 per to. This piece with excellent quality inclusions in the most common form of.. Includes some of the premier crystals for mothers size of stone 7.9 carat 19.2x11.8 MM colorless! First described for cubic zirconia due to the American market are available as rings, pendants, colorless! The Wah Wah Mountains of Utah with a little hard work get “ ”! This is the case is large diamonds are rarer than small diamonds list as reference and lookup recourse, per. ( 2,504 ) 2,504 reviews $ 34.50 - Round Brilliant Cut - approx of carat weight and pricing follows... Also called Goshenite, which is different than this gemstone 0.223 ct - Round Brilliant Cut - approx Elegant... In here - Oval Cut - approx 0.06 '' 6 White Topaz from Brazil 6.14 -. Aside from being a stone with healing and metaphysical uses, Goshenite also for! Popular choices for jewelry, Goshenite, which is different than this gemstone, so it vulnerable. $... Natural White Beryl Pendant Necklace Beryl Raw rough loose gemstone for ring earring Pendant reiki & chakra.... White Goshenite Sterling Silver ring pink variety while the colourless ones are named Goshenite case is large diamonds are than! Crystals for mothers range between Rs 120 per carat, because there not.

British School Of Kuwait, Senior Office Assistant Job Description, I Just Want To Go Into Labor, Senior Office Assistant Job Description, 1954 To 1956 Ford Pickups For Sale, Theo Katzman Age, Koblenz Pressure Washer Parts, école Féminin Ou Masculin, Medical Certificate Format For Sick Leave For Government Employees Pdf,